A phase I trial of 96-hour paclitaxel infusion plus accelerated radiotherapy of unrespectable head and neck cancer.
PURPOSE: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of paclitaxel given as a 96-hour continuous infusion during Weeks 1 and 5 of an accelerated radiotherapy schedule for the definitive treatment of advanced (nonmetastatic) unresectable squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirteen patients with Stage IV SCCHN were enrolled. Radiotherapy consisted of 70-72 Gy over 6 weeks, with a fractionation scheme of 2 Gy q.d. for 4 weeks followed by 1.6 Gy b.i.d. for 2 weeks, with no planned interruptions. Paclitaxel was administered over a 96-hour continuous infusion during Weeks 1 and 5 of radiotherapy at the following dose levels: Dose Level 1: 40 mg/m(2)/96-hours (3 patients); Dose Level 2: 80 mg/m(2)/96-hrs (5 patients); Dose Level 3: 120 mg/m(2)/96-hours (2 patients); and Dose Level 2A: 100 mg/m(2)/96-hours (3 patients).
RESULTS: The MTD of Paclitaxel was 100 mg/m(2)/96-hours. All but one patient (who experienced progressive disease after receiving 61 Gy and both cycles of paclitaxel) completed therapy as planned. Dose-limiting toxicity occurred in both patients enrolled at Dose Level 3, with one patient experiencing Grade 4 diffuse moist desquamation and the other patient experiencing Grade 4 mucositis and febrile neutropenia. Thus, Dose Level 2A was opened and no dose limiting toxicity was noted. Grade 3 non-dose limiting mucositis and dermatitis occurred at all paclitaxel dose levels. There were no treatment-related deaths. All Grade 3 and 4 toxicities were reversible. Complete responses were seen in 8 of 13 patients, 4 patients achieved partial responses, and 1 patient had no response/progressive disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Infusional paclitaxel over 96 hours during Weeks 1 and 5 of this accelerated radiotherapy schedule is feasible. The MTD of paclitaxel in this protocol was 100 mg/m(2)/96-hours. Dose-limiting toxicities were primarily enhanced epithelial reactions, but febrile neutropenia also occurred. All patients develop non-dose limiting Grade 3 skin and mucosal reactions, reflecting the high treatment intensity. This regimen merits further investigation.
Published In/Presented At
Machtay, M., Aviles, V., Kligerman, M. M., Treat, J., Weinstein, G. S., Weber, R. S., Mirza, N., Chalian, A. A., & Rosenthal, D. I. (1999). A phase I trial of 96-hour paclitaxel infusion plus accelerated radiotherapy of unrespectable head and neck cancer. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 44(2), 311–315. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0360-3016(99)00027-9
Department of Medicine