The spectrum of neuromyelitis optica: a case of NMO with extensive brain stem involvement.
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), regarded as a distinct clinical entity from multiple sclerosis (MS), is generally characterized by demyelinating lesions involving optic nerves and spinal cord with sparing of the brain. We report a case with initial clinical, radiological and serological features consistent with NMO, but with concomitant extensively clinical and radiological involvement of the brain stem. Although there are well defined criteria for NMO that restricts the lesions to optic nerves and spinal cord, the case presented here and the review of literature support the idea that NMO may present as a spectrum of clinical and radiological entities rather than the confining clinical criteria that has been hitherto applied.
Published In/Presented At
Vendrame, M., & Azizi, S. A. (2007). The spectrum of neuromyelitis optica: a case of NMO with extensive brain stem involvement. Neurological research, 29(1), 32–35. https://doi.org/10.1179/016164106x115071
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine