Corticotropin-releasing hormone deficiency increases allergen-induced airway inflammation in a mouse model of asthma.
BACKGROUND: Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a major regulator of adrenocorticotropic hormone and the production of glucocorticoids by the adrenal gland. Abnormal regulation of CRH and endogenous glucocorticoids has been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma.
OBJECTIVE: We postulated that CRH deficiency could increase asthma severity by disrupting hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis function and the induction of glucocorticoids through inflammatory and physiologic stress. However, CRH is expressed by several types of immune cells and might be induced at sites of inflammation, where it has local immunostimulatory actions. Thus CRH deficiency could decrease asthma severity.
METHODS: To test these possibilities, we subjected CRH-knockout mice to an ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation protocol that mimics many features of asthma.
RESULTS: CRH-knockout mice had an increase in airway inflammation of approximately 80% to 300% and an increase in goblet cell hyperplasia of approximately 70% compared with wild-type mice. In contrast, IgE induction was unaffected by CRH deficiency. The increased inflammation in knockout mice was associated with increased tissue resistance, elastance, and hysteresivity. Levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, RANTES, IFN-gamma, and eotaxin were all increased in knockout mice. Serum corticosterone levels were decreased in knockout mice and might account for some of the differences between knockout and wild-type mice.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that CRH deficiency disrupts endogenous glucocorticoid production and enhances allergen-induced airway inflammation and lung mechanical dysfunction in mice. Thus inherited or acquired CRH deficiency could increase asthma severity in human subjects.
Published In/Presented At
Silverman, E. S., Breault, D. T., Vallone, J., Subramanian, S., Yilmaz, A. D., Mathew, S., Subramaniam, V., Tantisira, K., Pacák, K., Weiss, S. T., & Majzoub, J. A. (2004). Corticotropin-releasing hormone deficiency increases allergen-induced airway inflammation in a mouse model of asthma. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 114(4), 747–754. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2004.06.055
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine