Early and late respiratory-related cortical potentials evoked by pressure pulse stimuli in humans.
Although respiratory-related cortical evoked potentials (CEPs) have been obtained in humans, early-latency responses have been obtained only with direct electrical stimulation of respiratory afferents. We have recorded both early and late cortical activity in response to a relatively novel stimulus consisting of a 300-ms negative pressure pulse applied to the mouth near the start of selected inspirations, when mouth pressure attained a predetermined threshold. This stimulus caused highly reproducible and rapid changes in mouth pressure and was effective in eliciting CEPs to a wide range of applied pressures. Using pulses of approximately -2 to -25 cmH2O, we obtained an early positive component with a mean latency of approximately 20 ms and a subsequent negative component at approximately 30 ms in normal subjects. Peak-to-peak amplitude varied directly, and component latencies inversely, as a function of pulse magnitude. Using -5- to -10-cmH2O stimuli, we also measured a later positive-negative-positive response with mean component latencies of 96.7 +/- 15.1, 147 +/- 14.8, and 237.6 +/- 23.5 ms, respectively. The early-latency activity was resistant to manipulations of stimulus predictability, whereas the later waves were attenuated or disappeared when load presentation was made completely predictable. We validated our method by eliminating the possibility of tactile stimulation of the lips and teeth as the origin of the evoked responses. We propose that early-latency activity derives from precortical structures and may provide a window on the functioning of respiratory afferents in normal subjects and in patients with respiratory disease.
Published In/Presented At
Strobel, R. J., & Daubenspeck, J. A. (1993). Early and late respiratory-related cortical potentials evoked by pressure pulse stimuli in humans. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 74(4), 1484–1491. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.19188.8.131.524
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine