Effect of blood dilution on recovery of organisms from clinical blood cultures in medium containing sodium polyanethol sulfonate.
This clinical study was designed to evaluate the standard laboratory protocol that requires blood specimens be diluted with greater than or equal to 10 volumes of media. Blood was collected from hospitalized patients, and 1 ml was inoculated into each of three vials containing 2.3, 7.3, and 24 ml of BACTEC 6B aerobic medium resulting in dilutions of 1:4, 1:10, and 1:30, respectively. The three test vials were treated identically, and the study was carried out at four hospitals. Of the 2,550 sets of vials inoculated, 174 were positive with clinically significant isolates from 105 patients. There was no difference in the number of positive cultures recovered by 24 h (67%) or 48 h (90%) from any dilution. These percentages agreed with other reports from BACTEC users. The number of positive vials (139, 144, 147, respectively) at each dilution was not significantly different, indicating that all three dilutions showed equal recovery of pathogenic microorganisms. Despite this overall equality, two patients, one on antibiotic therapy, were found to have correlated cultures which failed to grow at the 1:4 dilution. This finding implies that a 1:4 dilution of blood cannot be recommended unequivocably despite the higher overall recovery rate of positive cultures.
Published In/Presented At
Salventi, J. F., Davies, T. A., Randall, E. L., Whitaker, S., & Waters, J. R. (1979). Effect of blood dilution on recovery of organisms from clinical blood cultures in medium containing sodium polyanethol sulfonate. Journal of clinical microbiology, 9(2), 248–252. https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.9.2.248-252.1979
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine