Disparities in the Prescription of Statins in the Primary Care Setting: A Retrospective Observational Study.
Despite the high disease burden of atherosclerosis, evidence exists for the disparity in the prescription of guideline-indicated medications between genders, racial groups, socioeconomic groups, and ages. We aim to perform a retrospective study looking at the disparity in statin prescription for primary and secondary prevention in these groups. Data were collected from a single center and included patients with an LDL level >190 mg/dL, diagnosis of diabetes mellitus with LDL level >70 mg/dL, and diagnosis of cardiovascular disease regardless of LDL level. Patients older than 75 or younger than 21 were excluded from the study. Complex samples multivariable logistic and linear regression models were used to calculate the adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval. The total study population was n = 56,995. Of those, 57.89% (n = 32,992) were female. Only 59.56 % of these patients for whom statin therapy was indicated received it. Most patients were White (53.21%) followed by African Americans (35.98%), Asians (2.43%), American Indian/Native Alaskans (0.40%), and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (0.18%). There is a clear disparity in statin prescription favoring males, the elderly, and people of white ethnicity. Interestingly, Asians were more likely to be prescribed statins as opposed to whites. Self-pay patients were more likely to receive statins than patients on Medicare.Despite being indicated, Statins are under prescribed. Disparities based on race, gender, and insurance type mirror previous trends in the literature. Some results have shown a reversal in trends such as the higher prescription for Asian-Americans. Multiple patient-specific, provider-related, institutional factors might explain these disparities and must be investigated.
Published In/Presented At
Raeisi-Giglou, P., Jabri, A., Shahrori, Z., Sallam, S., Alhuneafat, L., Al-Abdouh, A., Mhanna, M., Kumar, A., Abu Omar, Y., Yousaf, A., Tarabichi, Y., Siraj, A., Margolius, D., & Kondapaneni, M. (2022). Disparities in the Prescription of Statins in the Primary Care Setting: A Retrospective Observational Study. Current problems in cardiology, 47(11), 101329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101329
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents, Fellows and Residents