The Role of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training in the Conservative and Surgical Management of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: Does the Strength of the Pelvic Floor Muscles Matter?
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) training in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the PFM and the importance of PFM strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFM training for SUI are included. Critical research questions to better evaluate and assess PFM training during the perioperative period are proposed. Promising novel approaches in the treatment of SUI are also presented. This review is useful for physiatrists, urogynecologists, female urologists, and nurse practitioners who specialize in the management and treatment of women with SUI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
Published In/Presented At
Lasak, A. M., Jean-Michel, M., Le, P. U., Durgam, R., & Harroche, J. (2018). The Role of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training in the Conservative and Surgical Management of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: Does the Strength of the Pelvic Floor Muscles Matter?. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation, 10(11), 1198–1210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2018.03.023
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine