Detection of pepsin in mouth swab: correlation with clinical gastroesophageal reflux in preterm infants.
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between pepsinogen/pepsin in a mouth swab and clinical gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in preterm infants.
METHODS: Preterm infants (birth weight ≤ 2000 g) on full enteral feeds were enrolled. Mouth swabs from cheek and below the tongue were collected one, two and three hours after feeding. An enzymatic assay with substrate fluorescein isothiocyanate-casein was used to detect pepsin A and C activities with further confirmation by western blot. Blinded investigators reviewed the infant's medical record to clinically diagnose GER.
RESULTS: A total of 101 premature infants were enrolled. Pepsinogen/pepsin was detected in 45/101 (44.5%) infants in at least one sample. A clinical diagnosis of GER was made in 36/101 (35.6%) infants. Mouth swabs were positive in 26/36 (72%) infants with clinical GER and only 19/65 (29%) infants without GER (p < 0.001). Similarly, the levels of pepsinogen/pepsin A and C were higher in the mouth swabs of infants with clinical GER.
CONCLUSION: The detection of pepsinogen/pepsin in a mouth swab correlates with clinical GER in premature infants.
Published In/Presented At
Farhath, S., He, Z., Saslow, J., Soundar, S., Amendolia, B., Bhat, V., Pyon, K., Stahl, G., Mehta, D., & Aghai, Z. H. (2013). Detection of pepsin in mouth swab: correlation with clinical gastroesophageal reflux in preterm infants. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians, 26(8), 819–824. https://doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2013.764408
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine