The Mayo Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Admission Risk Score is Associated with Medical Resource Utilization During Hospitalization.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Mayo Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) Admission Risk Score (M-CARS) is associated with CICU resource utilization.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients admitted to our CICU from 2007 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed, and M-CARS was calculated from admission data. Groups were compared using Wilcoxon test for continuous variables and χ
RESULTS: We included 12,428 patients with a mean age of 67±15 years (37% female patients). The mean M-CARS was 2.1±2.1, including 5890 (47.4%) patients with M-CARS less than 2 and 644 (5.2%) patients with M-CARS greater than 6. Critical care restricted therapies were frequently used, including mechanical ventilation in 28.0%, vasoactive medications in 25.5%, and dialysis in 4.8%. A higher M-CARS was associated with greater use of critical-care therapies and longer CICU and hospital length of stay. The low-risk cohort with M-CARS less than 2 was less likely to require critical-care-restricted therapies, including invasive or noninvasive mechanical ventilation (8.0% vs 46.1%), vasoactive medications (10.1% vs 38.8%), or dialysis (1.0% vs 8.2%), compared with patients with M-CARS greater than or equal to 2 (all
CONCLUSION: Patients with M-CARS less than 2 infrequently require critical-care resources and have extremely low mortality, suggesting that the M-CARS could be used to facilitate the triage of critically ill cardiac patients.
Published In/Presented At
Breen, T. J., Bennett, C. E., Van Diepen, S., Katz, J., Anavekar, N. S., Murphy, J. G., Bell, M. R., Barsness, G. W., & Jentzer, J. C. (2021). The Mayo Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Admission Risk Score is Associated with Medical Resource Utilization During Hospitalization. Mayo Clinic proceedings. Innovations, quality & outcomes, 5(5), 839–850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocpiqo.2020.12.009
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division