Epidemiology and Outcomes of Patients Readmitted to the Intensive Care Unit After Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Admission.

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Readmission to the intensive care unit (ICU) during the index hospitalization is associated with poor outcomes in medical or surgical ICU survivors. Little is known about critically ill patients with acute cardiovascular conditions cared for in a cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). We sought to describe the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of all ICU readmissions in patients who survived to CICU discharge. We retrospectively reviewed Mayo Clinic patients from 2007 to 2015 who survived the index CICU admission and identified patients with a second ICU stay during their index hospitalization; these patients were categorized as ICU transfers (patients who went directly from the CICU to another ICU) or ICU readmissions (patients initially transferred from the CICU to the ward, and then back to an ICU). Among 9,434 CICU survivors (mean age 67 years), 138 patients (1.5%) had a second ICU stay during the index hospitalization: 60 ICU transfers (0.6%) and 78 ICU readmissions (0.8%). The most common indications for ICU readmission were respiratory failure and procedure/surgery. On multivariable modeling, respiratory failure, severe acute kidney injury, and Charlson Comorbidity Index at the time of discharge from the index ICU stay were associated with ICU readmission. Death during the first ICU readmission (n = 78) occurred in 7.7% of patients. In-hospital mortality was higher for patients with a second ICU stay. In conclusion, few CICU survivors have a second ICU stay during their index hospitalization; these patients are at a higher risk of in-hospital and 1-year mortality. Respiratory failure, severe acute kidney injury, and higher co-morbidity burden identify CICU survivors at elevated risk of ICU readmission.



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Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division

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