Predictive Value of the Get With The Guidelines Heart Failure Risk Score in Unselected Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Patients.
Background The cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) population is no longer composed of only patients with acute coronary syndromes, and includes those with acute heart failure and multiple comorbidities. We hypothesized that the GWTG-HF (Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure) risk score that predicts inpatient mortality in hospitalized patients with heart failure would predict mortality in CICU patients. Methods and Results We retrospectively analyzed CICU patients at a tertiary care hospital from 2007 to 2015. The GWTG-HF risk score was calculated at CICU admission. As a secondary analysis, the EFFECT (Enhanced Feedback for Effective Cardiac Treatment), OPTIMIZE-HF (Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure), and ADHERE (Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry) risk scores were calculated. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve value were determined for inpatient and 1-year mortality. The GWTG-HF risk score was calculated in 9532 (95%) patients, with a median value of 40 (interquartile range, 35-47). Inpatient mortality occurred in 824 (8.6%) patients, and 2075 (21.8%) patients died by 1 year. Patients who died in hospital had a significantly higher mean GWTG-HF score (47.7 versus 40.2;
Published In/Presented At
Lyle, M., Wan, S. H., Murphree, D., Bennett, C., Wiley, B. M., Barsness, G., Redfield, M., & Jentzer, J. (2020). Predictive Value of the Get With The Guidelines Heart Failure Risk Score in Unselected Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Patients. Journal of the American Heart Association, 9(3), e012439. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.119.012439
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division