Low-chloride- versus high-chloride-containing hypertonic solution for the treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage-related complications: The ACETatE (A low ChloriE hyperTonic solution for brain Edema) randomized trial.
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have demonstrated that among patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) treated with hypertonic NaCl, resultant hyperchloremia has been associated with the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). We report a trial comparing the effect of two hypertonic solutions with different chloride contents on the resultant serum chloride concentrations in SAH patients, with a primary outcome aimed at limiting chloride elevation.
METHODS: A low ChloridE hyperTonic solution for brain Edema (ACETatE) trial is a single-center, double-blinded, double-dummy, randomized pilot trial comparing bolus infusions of 23.4% NaCl and 16.4% NaCl/Na-acetate for the treatment of cerebral edema in patients with SAH. Randomization occurred when patients developed hyperchloremia (serum Cl
RESULTS: We enrolled 59 patients, of which 32 developed hyperchloremia and required hyperosmolar treatment. 15 patients were randomized to the 23.4% NaCl group, and 17 patients were randomized to the 16.4% NaCl/Na-acetate group. Although serum chloride levels increased similarly in both groups, the NaCl/Acetate group showed a significantly lower Cl
CONCLUSIONS: Our pilot trial showed the feasibility and safety of replacing 23.4% NaCl infusions with 16.4% NaCl/Na-acetate infusions to treat cerebral edema in patients with SAH. The degree of hyperchloremia was similar in the two groups. 16.4% NaCl/Na-acetate infusions led to lower Cl
TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov # NCT03204955, registered on 6/28/2017.
Published In/Presented At
Sadan, O., Singbartl, K., Kraft, J., Plancher, J. M., Greven, A. C. M., Kandiah, P., Pimentel, C., Hall, C. L., Papangelou, A., Asbury, W. H., Hanfelt, J. J., & Samuels, O. (2020). Low-chloride- versus high-chloride-containing hypertonic solution for the treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage-related complications: The ACETatE (A low ChloriE hyperTonic solution for brain Edema) randomized trial. Journal of intensive care, 8, 32. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40560-020-00449-0
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine