Dual stent migration to the heart and pulmonary artery.
The practice of intravascular stenting largely grew out of the concept of stenting the coronaries in acute myocardial infarction. According to the recent United States Renal Data System data registry, there has been a significant increase in endovascular intervention (1.8-fold increase-from 52,380 to 98,148) with a 2.2-fold increase in stent deployment in hemodialysis access (3792-8514). With the increasing use of endovascular stents in the management of dialysis access stenosis, the incidence of stent-related complications has increased significantly. Stent-related complications include stent restenosis, thrombosis (narrowing of the vessel lumen and being a nidus for thombus formation), stent shortening, stent fracture, stent infection, and stent migration. Physiologic variation in the diameter of veins due to respiration, which along with the geometry of the stent, can lead to a shortening lengthening of the stent-resulting in poor wall contact or high-speed impact of shock; in the case of trauma, mechanical bucking can result in tortuous blood vessels thereby resulting in stent migration (however proving this association was not the aim of this article). We report a case of a 44-year-old female with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, with stent placement to treat a compromised arteriovenous graft. There have been many cases of stent migration in the past; however, this is the first case of dual stent migration to the heart and pulmonary artery from an unusual (lower extremity) arteriovenous graft location.
Published In/Presented At
Balasubramaniyam, N., Garg, J., Rawat, N., Chugh, S., Mittal, V., Baby, B., Aronow, W. S., & Lehrman, S. G. (2014). Dual stent migration to the heart and pulmonary artery. American journal of therapeutics, 21(6), e199–e203. https://doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0b013e3182785fc3
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Fellows and Residents