Genetic Determinants of Intrinsic Antibiotic Tolerance in Mycobacterium avium.
The Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is one of the most prevalent causes of nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary infection in the United States, and yet it remains understudied. Current MAC treatment requires more than a year of intermittent to daily combination antibiotic therapy, depending on disease severity. In order to shorten and simplify curative regimens, it is important to identify the innate bacterial factors contributing to reduced antibiotic susceptibility, namely, antibiotic tolerance genes. In this study, we performed a genome-wide transposon screen to elucidate M. avium genes that play a role in the bacterium's tolerance to first- and second-line antibiotics. We identified a total of 193 unique M. avium mutants with significantly altered susceptibility to at least one of the four clinically used antibiotics we tested, including two mutants (in DFS55_00905 and DFS55_12730) with panhypersusceptibility. The products of the antibiotic tolerance genes we have identified may represent novel targets for future drug development studies aimed at shortening the duration of therapy for MAC infections.
Published In/Presented At
Matern, W. M., Parker, H., Danchik, C., Hoover, L., Bader, J. S., & Karakousis, P. C. (2021). Genetic Determinants of Intrinsic Antibiotic Tolerance in Mycobacterium avium. Microbiology spectrum, 9(2), e0024621. https://doi.org/10.1128/Spectrum.00246-21
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine