Intravenous Vitamin C Supplementation in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients: Salutary Impact on Clinical Outcomes.

Publication/Presentation Date



UNLABELLED: Intravenous (IV) vitamin C improves organ function and reduces inflammation in sepsis, an inflammatory state like the post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) milieu. The safety and efficacy of parenteral vitamin C after allogeneic HCT were evaluated in a phase I/II trial. Clinical outcomes were compared with a propensity score - matched historical control.

METHODS: Patients with advanced hematologic malignancies received IV vitamin C, 50mg/kg/d, divided into 3 doses given on days 1-14 after HCT, followed by 500 mg bid oral from day 15 until 6 months post-SCT.

RESULTS: 55 patients received IV vitamin C. All patients were deficient in vitamin C at day 0. Vitamin C recipients had lower non-relapse mortality (NRM) (p = 0.07) and improved survival compared to historical controls (p=0.06), with no attributable grade 3 and 4 toxicities. Vitamin C recipients had similar relapse rate and acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) (p=0.35), but lower severe chronic GVHD (p=0.35). Patients with myeloid malignancies had improved survival (p=0.02) and NRM (p=0.009), as well as chronic GVHD, with similar relapse rates compared to controls.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing allogeneic HCT the administration of IV vitamin C is safe and reduces non-relapse mortality and chronic GVHD improving overall survival.


Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Medicine

Document Type