Design and baseline characteristics of the Finerenone, in addition to standard of care, on the progression of kidney disease in patients with Non-Diabetic Chronic Kidney Disease (FIND-CKD) randomized trial.

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BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Finerenone, a non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, improved kidney, and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with CKD and T2D in two Phase 3 outcome trials. The FIND-CKD study investigates the effect of finerenone in adults with CKD without diabetes.

METHODS: FIND-CKD (NCT05047263 and EU CT 2023-506897-11-00) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 trial in patients with CKD of non-diabetic aetiology. Adults with a urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) of ≥ 200 to ≤3500 mg/g and eGFR ≥ 25 to/min/1.73 m2 receiving a maximum tolerated dose of a renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) inhibitor were randomized 1:1 to once daily placebo or finerenone 10 or 20 mg depending on eGFR above or below 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. The primary efficacy outcome is total eGFR slope, defined as the mean annual rate of change in eGFR from baseline to Month 32. Secondary efficacy outcomes include a combined cardiorenal composite outcome comprising time to kidney failure, sustained ≥57% decrease in eGFR, hospitalization for heart failure, or cardiovascular death, as well as separate kidney and cardiovascular composite outcomes. Adverse events are recorded to assess tolerability and safety.

RESULTS: Across 24 countries, 3231 patients were screened and 1584 were randomized to study treatment. The most common causes of CKD were chronic glomerulonephritis (57.0%) and hypertensive/ischaemic nephropathy (29.0%). Immunoglobulin A nephropathy was the most common glomerulonephritis (26.3% of the total population). At baseline, mean eGFR and median UACR were 46.7 mL/min/1.73 m2 and 818.9 mg/g, respectively. Diuretics were used by 282 participants (17.8%), statins by 851 (53.7%), and calcium channel blockers by 794 (50.1%). SGLT2 inhibitors were used in 16.9% of patients; these individuals had a similar mean eGFR (45.6 vs 46.8 mL/min/1.73 m2) and slightly higher median UACR (871.9 vs 808.3 mg/g) compared to those not using SGLT2 inhibitors at baseline.

CONCLUSIONS: FIND-CKD is the first Phase 3 trial of finerenone in patients with CKD of non-diabetic aetiology.




Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Medicine

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