True posterior communicating artery aneurysms: are they more prone to rupture? A biomorphometric analysis.

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OBJECT: Posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysms can occur at the junction with the internal carotid artery, posterior cerebral artery (PCA), or the proximal PCoA itself. Hemodynamic stressors contribute to aneurysm formation and may be associated with parent vessel size and aneurysm location. This study evaluates the correlation of various biomorphometric characteristics in 2 of the aforementioned types of PCoA aneurysms.

METHODS: Patients with PCoA aneurysms were analyzed using CT angiography. Source images and reconstructions were used to determine which aneurysms originated purely from the PCoA and those that originated from the internal carotid artery/PCoA junction. Morphometric analysis was performed on the aneurysm, the precommunicating segment of the PCA (P(1)), the ambient segment of the PCA (P(2)), and both PCoA arteries and were correlated to clinical presentation. Parametric and nonparametric analyses were performed to test for significance.

RESULTS: A total of 77 PCoA aneurysms were analyzed, and 10 were found to be true PCoA aneurysms (13.0%). The ipsilateral PCoA/P(1) ratio (1.77 +/- 0.44 vs 0.82 +/- 0.46, p = 0.0001) and ipsilateral P(2)/P(1) ratio (1.73 +/- 0.40 vs 1.22 +/- 0.41, p = 0.0003) were significantly larger in true PCoA aneurysms. Interestingly, aneurysm size was statistically larger in the junctional aneurysms (0.14 +/- 0.1 vs 0.072 +/- 0.04 cm(3), p = 0.03). The prevalence of ruptured aneurysms was similar in both groups (approximately 80%, p value not significant).

CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that true PCoA aneurysms have a larger PCoA relative to the ipsilateral P(1) segment. To the authors' knowledge, this represents the first such biomorphometric comparison of these different types of PCoA aneurysms. Although statistically smaller in size, true PCoA aneurysms also have a similar prevalence of presenting as a ruptured aneurysm, suggesting that they might be more prone to rupture than a junctional aneurysms of similar size. Further analysis will be required to determine the biophysical factors affecting rupture rates.





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Medical Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Neurology




Department of Medicine

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