Comparing Minimally Invasive Sacrocolpopexy With Vaginal Uterosacral Ligament Suspension: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study Through the Fellows' Pelvic Research Network.
IMPORTANCE: Comparing one-year surgical outcomes of two widely used surgical procedures for apical suspension.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to compare anatomic outcomes after minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy (MISC) and vaginal uterosacral ligament suspension (vUSLS).
STUDY DESIGN: This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study through the Fellows' Pelvic Research Network. Patients with ≥ stage II pelvic organ prolapse (POP) who underwent MISC or vUSLS from January 2013 to January 2016, identified through the Current Procedural Terminology codes, with 1 year or longer postoperative data were included. Patients with prior POP surgery or history of connective tissue disorders were excluded. Anatomic success was defined as Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System measurements: Ba/Bp ≤ 0 or C ≤ -TVL/2. Data were compared using χ 2 or Fisher exact tests. Continuous data were compared using Wilcoxon rank sum test.
RESULTS: Three hundred thirty-seven patients underwent MISC (171 laparoscopic, 166 robotic) and 165 underwent vUSLS. The MISC group had longer operative time (205.9 minutes vs 187.5 minutes, P = 0.006) and lower blood loss (77.8 mL vs 187.4 mL; P < 0.001). Two patients (0.6%) in the MISC group had mesh exposure requiring surgical excision. Permanent suture exposure was higher after vUSLS (6.1%). At 1 year, anatomic success was comparable in the apical (322 [97%] MISC vs 160 [97%] vUSLS, P = 0.99) and posterior compartments (326 [97.6%] MISC vs 164 [99.4%] vUSLS; P = 0.28). Anterior compartment success was higher in the MISC group (328 [97.9%] vs 156 [94.9%], P = 0.04) along with longer total vaginal length (9.2 ± 1.8 vs 8.4 ± 1.5, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: At 1 year, patients who underwent MISC or vUSLS had similar apical support. Low rates of mesh and suture exposures, less anterior recurrence, and longer TVL were noted after MISC.
Published In/Presented At
Noor, N., Bastawros, D., Florian-Rodriguez, M. E., Hobson, D., Eto, C., Lozo, S., Lavelle, E., Antosh, D., Hacker, M. R., Elkadry, E., & Von Bargen, E. (2022). Comparing Minimally Invasive Sacrocolpopexy With Vaginal Uterosacral Ligament Suspension: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study Through the Fellows' Pelvic Research Network. Urogynecology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 28(10), 687–694. https://doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000001226
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology