Screening for developmental delay among children attending a rural community welfare clinic in Ghana.
BACKGROUND: Periodic screening for developmental delays (DD) could avert the incidence of disability among children. However, such routine programme is yet to take off in rural welfare clinics in Ghana.
METHOD: Mothers of under-5 children who were attending rural child welfare clinic participated in this study. The socio-demographic data of the mothers and their children were recorded. The children were screened to assess their gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication skills, problem solving/cognition and social/personal interaction using Ages and Stages Questionnaire. Score below the threshold points on a developmental domain defines DD for a child. Data analysis involved percentages and frequency while Chi-square was performed to determine the associations between the selected socio-demographic risk factors and DD. Alpha value was set at p < 0.05.
RESULTS: Three hundren and thirty (330) children were screened and majority 60(18%), were found within the age range 3 months 1 day to 5 months 0 day. 251(76%) had normal weight (2.5 kg-3.5) while 26(7.6%) were underweight (
CONCLUSION: An appreciable proportion of the children were found to experience developmental delays and the most prevalent occurence was in personal/social interaction. Birth weight, gestational age and maternal educational level provide insight into a link with communication and gross motor skills.
Published In/Presented At
Bello, A. I., Quartey, J. N., & Appiah, L. A. (2013). Screening for developmental delay among children attending a rural community welfare clinic in Ghana. BMC pediatrics, 13, 119. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-119
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Residents, Fellows and Residents