Title

Low dose acetyl salicylic acid (LDA) mediates epigenetic changes in preeclampsia placental mesenchymal stem cells similar to cells from healthy pregnancy.

Publication/Presentation Date

6-1-2023

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) affects 2-8% of all pregnancies, and is the leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. We reported on pathophysiological changes in placenta mesenchymal stem cells (P-MSCs) in PE. P-MSCs can be isolated from different layers of the placenta at the interface between the fetus and mother. The ability of MSCs from other sources to be immune licensed as immune suppressor cells indicated that P-MSCs could mitigate fetal rejection. Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is indicated for treating PE. Indeed, low-dose aspirin is recommended to prevent PE in high risk patients.

METHODS: We conducted robust computational analyses to study changes in gene expression in P-MSCs from PE and healthy term pregnancies as compared with PE-MSCs treated with low dose acetyl salicylic acid (LDA). Confocal microscopy studied phospho-H2AX levels in P-MSCs.

RESULTS: We identified changes in >400 genes with LDA, similar to levels of healthy pregnancy. The top canonical pathways that incorporate these genes were linked to DNA repair damage - Basic excision repair (BER), Nucleotide excision repair (NER) and DNA replication. A role for the sumoylation (SUMO) pathway, which could regulate gene expression and protein stabilization was significant although reduced as compared to BER and NER pathways. Labeling for phopho-H2AX indicated no evidence of double strand break in PE P-MSCs.

DISCUSSION: The overlapping of key genes within each pathway suggested a major role for LDA in the epigenetic landscape of PE P-MSCs. Overall, this study showed a new insight into how LDA reset the P-MSCs in PE subjects around the DNA.

Volume

137

First Page

49

Last Page

58

ISSN

1532-3102

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

37071955

Department(s)

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Document Type

Article

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