Impact of Question Bank Use for In-Training Examination Preparation by OBGYN Residents - A Multicenter Study.

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OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of access to and utilization of a commercially available question bank (TrueLearn) for in-training examination (ITE) preparation in Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN).

DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study examining the impact of TrueLearn usage on ITE examination performance outcomes. Produced by the educational arm of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology (CREOG) exam is a multiple-choice test given to all residents annually. Residency programs participating in this study provided residency program mean CREOG scores from the year prior (2015), and the first (2016) and second (2017) years of TrueLearn usage. Programs also contributed resident-specific CREOG scores for each resident for 2016 and 2017. This data was combined with each resident's TrueLearn usage data that was provided by TrueLearn with residency program consent. The CREOG scores consisted of the CREOG score standardized to all program years, the CREOG score standardized to the same program year (PGY) and the total percent (%) correct. TrueLearn usage data included number of practice questions completed, number of practice tests taken, average number of days between successive tests, and percent correct of answered practice questions.

SETTING: OBGYN Residency Training Programs.

PARTICIPANTS: OBGYN residency programs that purchased and utilized TrueLearn for the 2016 CREOG examination were eligible for participation (n = 14). Ten residency programs participated, which consisted of 212 residents in 2016 and 218 residents in 2017.

RESULTS: TrueLearn was used by 78.8% (167/212) of the residents in 2016 and 84.9% (185/218) of the residents in 2017. No significant difference was seen in the average CREOG scores available on a per- program level before versus after the first year of implementation either using the CREOG score standardized to all PGYs (mean difference 1.0; p = 0.58) or standardized to the same PGY (mean difference 3.1; p = 0.25). Using resident-level data, there was no significant difference in mean CREOG score standardized to all PGYs between users and non-users of TrueLearn in 2016 (mean, 199.4 vs 196.7; p = 0.41) or 2017 (mean, 198.2 vs 203.4; p = 0.19). The percent of practice questions answered correctly on TrueLearn was positively correlated with the CREOG score standardized to all PGYs (r = 0.47 for 2016 and r = 0.60 for 2017), as well as with the CREOG total percent correct (r = 0.47 for 2016 and r = 0.61 for 2017). Based on a simple linear regression, for every 500 practice questions completed, the CREOG score significantly increased for PGY-2 residents by an average (±SE) of 7.3 ± 2.8 points (p = 0.013); the average increase was 0.7 ± 2.5 (p = 0.79) for PGY-3 residents and 5.8 ± 3.3 points (p = 0.09) for PGY-4 residents.

CONCLUSIONS: Adoption of an online question bank did not result in higher mean CREOG scores at participating institutions. However, performance on the TrueLearn questions correlated with ITE performance, supporting predictive validity and the use of this question bank as a formative assessment for resident education and exam preparation.




Obstetrics and Gynecology




Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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