Thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke in late pregnancy with intra-arterial recombinant tissue plasminogen activator.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The most common presentation of ischemic stroke related to pregnancy is arterial occlusion, occurring during the third trimester or postpartum. The authors present the first successful administration of intra-arterial cerebral tissue plasminogen activator to treat an embolic cerebral vascular accident in a 37-week parturient resulting in complete recovery of neurological function.
METHODS: The patient presented with left hemiplegia, left-sided neglect, and aphasia. Right internal carotid artery cerebral angiogram showed occlusion of the mid-M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). After 15 mg of tissue plasminogen activator was administered via intra-arterial route, there was greatly improved retrograde flow through the posterior communication artery and the MCA territory.
RESULTS: A reduction in size of the MCA occlusion was noted with improvement of antegrade flow through the MCA. Three days after the procedure, the patient was induced successfully and delivered a healthy infant vaginally.
CONCLUSIONS: This report describes the use of intra-arterial tissue plasminogen activator in the setting of stroke in late pregnancy.
Published In/Presented At
Johnson, D. M., Kramer, D. C., Cohen, E., Rochon, M., Rosner, M., & Weinberger, J. (2005). Thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke in late pregnancy with intra-arterial recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Stroke, 36(6), e53–e55. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.str.0000166203.27135.27
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology