Enzyme inhibitor screening using a homogeneous proximity-based immunoassay for estradiol.
The authors have previously reported a homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence proximity immunoassay for estradiol. The assay was based on luminescence resonance energy transfer between a long lifetime fluorescent europium(III) chelate-dyed nanoparticle donor and a short lifetime, near-infrared fluorescent acceptor. The energy transfer prolonged the lifetime of the sensitized acceptor emission, and the fluorescence of the acceptor was measured using a time-resolved detection. The developed immunoassay was employed to screen inhibitors for enzyme 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1. The enzyme overexpressed in MCF-7 cells catalyzed a reversible conversion of estroneto17beta-estradiol. The inhibition efficiency of the tested molecule was obtained by comparing the final concentration of converted estradiol after 60 min of conversion reaction in a sample and in a conversion control not containing an inhibitor. The Zbeta factor calculated using the E2 concentrations of the homogeneous assay was 0.64, demonstrating a relatively good performance of the assay. The results from the homogeneous assay were comparable with the results obtained using radioactively labeled estrone as a substrate and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation of estrone and converted estradiol after the enzyme reaction. Thus, this homogeneous assay can simplify the primary screening of potential new drug molecules by replacing a tedious radiometric HPLC method.
Published In/Presented At
Kokko, L., Johansson, N., Lövgren, T., & Soukka, T. (2005). Enzyme inhibitor screening using a homogeneous proximity-based immunoassay for estradiol. Journal of biomolecular screening, 10(4), 348–354. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087057104272191
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine