Frequent Expression of C4d in Hepatic Graft-Versus-Host Disease: Potential Clue for Diagnosis and Distinguishing Acute and Chronic Form.
BACKGROUND: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a common complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplant, is generally regarded to develop through cell-mediated immune response following activation of helper T cells. Since production of antibodies is also mediated by helper T cells, the role of humoral immunity in GVHD is questioned and has not yet been explored in clinical practice. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the role of antibody production in hepatic H-GVHD and whether it can distinguish acute and chronic forms.
RESULTS: C4d expression was increased in portal vessels and hepatic sinusoids of patients with histological proven evidence of GVHD 11/16 (P=0.007). Patients classified as chronic GVHD were statistically more likely to have C4d expression in the portal vasculature and liver sinusoids (P=0.011).
CONCLUSION: Humoral activation seems to play a role in pathophysiology of hepatic, especially chronic GVHD.
Published In/Presented At
Ali, S. A., Shah, V., McKinnon, R., Van Harn, M., & Janakiraman, N. (2010). Frequent expression of C4d in hepatic graft-versus-host disease: potential clue for diagnosis and distinguishing acute and chronic form. Transplant Immunology, 23(1-2), 77-80. doi:10.1016/j.trim.2010.03.002
Medical Pathology | Pathology
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine