Circular dichroism (CD) studies of parathyroid hormone (PTH), its oxidized forms, and some fragments of the hormone are described. The CD spectrum of native PTH (84 amino acids) and the active fragment, 1-34 PTH, suggests that most of the secondary structure resides in the amino-terminal segment of this hormone. Oxidation of the methionine residue at position 18 has a small impact on secondary structure, whereas oxidation of the methionine at position 8 produces substantial changes. Oxidation of both methionines produces secondary structure changes that are greater than the sum of those seen upon oxidation of the individual methionines. The CD spectrum for the 3-34 fragment of PTH is identical to that of the 1-34 fragment, and that of the 7-34 fragment is only slightly different. The spectra of the 13-34 and 19-34 fragments are markedly altered from that of the 1-34 peptide, and those of the 9-84 and 19-84 fragments of native PTH are significantly different from the intact hormone. Computer-assisted estimates of secondary structure content, and difference spectra, were utilized to evaluate the secondary structure content of the peptides. These results suggest that residues 6-12 are important in formation of helical secondary structure and that a reverse turn may be important for the folding of PTH into a conformation with high affinity for receptors. Residues 1 and 2 appear to make no contribution to the secondary structure and may be directly involved in activation of receptors.
Published In/Presented At
Zull, J. E., Smith, S. K., and Wiltshire, R. (1990). Effect of methionine oxidation and deletion of amino-terminal residues on the conformation of parathyroid hormone. Circular dichroism studies. The Journal Of Biological Chemistry, 265(10), 5671-5676.
Medical Pathology | Pathology
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Pathology Laboratory Medicine Faculty