Parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism in octogenarians and nonagenarians: a risk-benefit analysis.
BACKGROUND: The only cure for primary hyperparathyroidism (1 degrees HPT) is parathyroidectomy. However, many elderly patients are not referred for surgery due to medical comorbidities and/or advanced age. The purpose of this study was to evaluate benefits against risks of parathyroidectomy in this patient population.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2001 to June 2006, 50 patients aged 80 years or older with 1 degrees HPT underwent parathyroidectomy by a single surgeon. Clinical presentation and surgical outcomes of all patients were evaluated. The standard form of the SF-36 Health Survey, designed to measure patient quality of life (QOL), was completed by a subset of patients.
RESULTS: There were 45 females and 5 males with a mean age of 83 +/- 2 y. Patient comorbidities included hypertension (72%), coronary artery disease (22%), diabetes mellitus (16%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (10%), and congestive heart failure (10%). Bone pain was the most common primary presenting symptom (44%), followed by fatigue (12%), confusion (6%), and joint pain (6%). Eleven patients (22%) had ectopic glands. The cure rate postsurgery was 98% (49/50). There were 2 postoperative complications (4%): one patient with transient hypocalcemia and another with cellulitus at an i.v. site. Of patients who completed QOL surveys, greater than 60% reported improved physical functioning, social functioning, and/or mental health, and reduction of bodily pain.
CONCLUSION: Parathyroidectomy is safe and curative for octogenarians and nonagenarians with 1 degrees HPT, and maintains or improves quality of life. The surgical benefits outweigh operative risks, making parathyroid surgery an excellent option for patients over 80 years of age.
Published In/Presented At
Egan, K. R., Adler, J. T., Olson, J. E., & Chen, H. (2007). Parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism in octogenarians and nonagenarians: a risk-benefit analysis. The Journal of surgical research, 140(2), 194–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2007.01.027
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine