Effect of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase on distribution of apolipoprotein A-IV among lipoproteins of human plasma.

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The effect of cholesterol esterification on the distribution of apoA-IV in human plasma was investigated. Human plasma was incubated in the presence or absence of the lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) inhibitor 5,5-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) and immediately fractionated by 6% agarose column chromatography. Fractions were monitored for apoA-IV, apoE, and apoA-I by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Incubation resulted in an elevated plasma concentration of cholesteryl ester and in an altered distribution of apoA-IV. After incubation apoA-IV eluted in the ordinarily apoA-IV-poor fractions of plasma that contain small VLDL particles, LDL, and HDL2. Inclusion of DTNB during the incubation resulted in some enlargement of HDL; however, both cholesterol esterification and lipoprotein binding of apoA-IV were inhibited. Addition of DTNB to plasma after incubation and prior to gel filtration had no effect on the apoA-IV distribution when the lipoproteins were immediately fractionated. Fasting plasma apoE was distributed in two or three peaks; in some plasmas there was a small peak that eluted with the column void volume, and, in all plasmas, there were larger peaks that eluted with the VLDL-LDL region and HDL2. Incubation resulted in displacement of HDL apoE to larger lipoproteins and this effect was observed in the presence or absence of DTNB. ApoA-I was distributed in a single broad peak that eluted in the region of HDL and the gel-filtered distribution was unaffected by incubation either in the presence or absence of DTNB. Incubation of plasma that was previously heated to 56 degrees C to inactivate LCAT resulted in no additional movement of apoA-IV onto lipoproteins, unless purified LCAT was present during incubation. The addition of heat-inactivated LCAT to the incubation, had no effect on movement of apoA-IV. These data suggest that human apoA-IV redistribution from the lipoprotein-free fraction to lipoprotein particles appears to be dependent on LCAT action. The mechanism responsible for the increased binding of apoA-IV to the surface of lipoproteins when LCAT acts may involve the generation of "gaps" in the lipoprotein surface due to the consumption of substrate from the surface and additional enlargement of the core. ApoA-IV may bind to these "gaps," where the packing density of the phospholipid head groups is reduced.





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Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

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