Imaging-guided percutaneous biopsy of focal splenic lesions: update on safety and effectiveness.

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OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous imaging-guided biopsy in the diagnosis of focal splenic lesions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 1995 to November 1997, 20 imaging-guided biopsies of focal splenic lesions were performed in 18 patients, including seven patients with a prior diagnosis of extrasplenic malignancy (breast cancer, n = 3; lymphoma, n = 2; ovarian cancer, n = 1; and osteogenic sarcoma, n = 1), three immunosuppressed patients (cause of immunosuppression: AIDS, n = 1; liver transplantation, n = 1; and bone marrow transplantation, n = 1), two patients with anemia, one patient with a recent history of IV drug abuse, and five patients with incidentally discovered splenic lesions. Biopsies were performed with an 18-gauge (n = 1), a 20-gauge (n = 8), or a 22-gauge (n = 14) self-aspirating needle or an 18-gauge cutting needle (n = 1). Biopsies were considered successful if a specific diagnosis of benign or malignant disease was made.

RESULTS: A specific diagnosis was made in 16 (88.9%) of 18 patients, and no complications occurred. Malignancy was diagnosed in six patients including three patients with lymphoma. Benign conditions were diagnosed in 10 patients: a cyst in two patients; hamartoma in one; lipogranuloma in one; infarct in one; and infection in four, including one case each of Candida albicans, Pneumocystis carinii, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and mixed flora. The tenth benign diagnosis was a pseudotumor of the spleen related to a bulbous tail of the pancreas that was inseparable from the splenic hilum. Biopsy did not establish a diagnosis in one patient with lymphoma and in one patient with presumed splenic candidiasis. A mean of 1.5 needle passes was made per biopsy.

CONCLUSION: Imaging-guided splenic biopsy is a safe technique that provides a specific diagnosis in most patients with focal splenic lesions.





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Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology




Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging

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