Incidence and clinical sequelae of portal and hepatic venous thrombosis following percutaneous cryoablation of liver tumors.
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence and sequelae of portal and hepatic venous thrombosis after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors.
METHODS: From November 1998 through December 2010, 223 hepatic tumors were cryoablated during 170 ablation procedures in 135 patients. 24-h post-procedure MR images were reviewed retrospectively by two abdominal radiologists in consensus to identify tumor ablations that developed one or more new portal or hepatic venous thromboses in or outside the ablation zone. On follow-up MRI and CT examinations the outcomes of thromboses were classified as resolved, partially recanalized, persistent, or propagated.
RESULTS: Venous thrombosis developed in association with 54 (24%) of 223 tumor ablations treated during 53 (31%) ablation procedures in 39 (28.8%) patients (15 women, 24 men; age range 40-82 years, mean 59 years). Of these 54 thromboses, 49 (91%) were located in portal vein branches, four (7%) in both portal and hepatic vein branches, and one (2%) in a hepatic vein branch. Thrombosed veins were outside but abutted the ablation zone in 36 (66.7%), and within it in 18 (33.3%). On follow-up imaging (n = 49), thrombi resolved in 29 (59%), partially recanalized in two (4%), persisted in 18 (37%) and propagated from sub-segmental or segmental branches to the left or right portal branches in five (10%). No thrombus propagated to the main portal vein or inferior vena cava.
CONCLUSION: Portal and hepatic vein branch thromboses are common in small branches following percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors and most resolve spontaneously without sequelae.
Published In/Presented At
Sainani, N. I., Silverman, S. G., Tuna, I. S., Aghayev, A., Shyn, P. B., Tuncali, K., Kadiyala, V., & Tatli, S. (2016). Incidence and clinical sequelae of portal and hepatic venous thrombosis following percutaneous cryoablation of liver tumors. Abdominal radiology (New York), 41(5), 970–977. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-015-0626-2
Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology
Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging