Imaging findings during and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors.
OBJECTIVE: Imaging plays a key role in the assessment of patients before, during, and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors. Intra-procedural and early post-procedure imaging with CT and MRI is vital to the assessment of technical success including adequacy of ablation zone coverage. Recognition of the normal expected post-procedure findings of hepatic cryoablation such as ice ball formation, hydrodissection, and the normal appearance of the ablation zone is crucial to be able to differentiate from complications including vascular, biliary, or non-target organ injury. Delayed imaging is essential for determination of clinical effectiveness and detection of unexpected findings such as residual unablated tumor and local tumor progression. The purpose of this article is to review the spectrum of expected and unexpected imaging findings that may occur during or after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors.
CONCLUSION: Differentiating expected from unexpected findings during and after hepatic cryoablation helps radiologists identify residual or recurrent tumor and detect procedure-related complications.
Published In/Presented At
Ratanaprasatporn, L., Sainani, N., Duda, J. B., Aghayev, A., Tatli, S., Silverman, S. G., & Shyn, P. B. (2019). Imaging findings during and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors. Abdominal radiology (New York), 44(7), 2602–2626. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01999-0
Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology
Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging