Time for a Time Window Extension: Insights from Late Presenters in the ESCAPE Trial.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The safety and efficacy of endovascular therapy for large-artery stroke in the extended time window is not yet well-established. We performed a subgroup analysis on subjects enrolled within an extended time window in the Endovascular Treatment for Small Core and Proximal Occlusion Ischemic Stroke (ESCAPE) trial.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine of 315 subjects (33 in the intervention group and 26 in the control group) were randomized in the ESCAPE trial between 5.5 and 12 hours after last seen healthy (likely to have groin puncture administered 6 hours after that). Treatment effect sizes for all relevant outcomes (90-day mRS shift, mRS 0-2, mRS 0-1, and 24-hour NIHSS scores and intracerebral hemorrhage) were reported using unadjusted and adjusted analyses.
RESULTS: There was no evidence of treatment heterogeneity between subjects in the early and late windows. Treatment effect favoring intervention was seen across all clinical outcomes in the extended time window (absolute risk difference of 19.3% for mRS 0-2 at 90 days). There were more asymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage events within the intervention arm (48.5% versus 11.5%,
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with an extended time window could potentially benefit from endovascular treatment. Ongoing randomized controlled trials using imaging to identify late presenters with favorable brain physiology will help cement the paradigm of using time windows to select the population for acute imaging and imaging to select individual patients for therapy.
Published In/Presented At
Evans, J. W., Graham, B. R., Pordeli, P., Al-Ajlan, F. S., Willinsky, R., Montanera, W. J., Rempel, J. L., Shuaib, A., Brennan, P., Williams, D., Roy, D., Poppe, A. Y., Jovin, T. G., Devlin, T., Baxter, B. W., Krings, T., Silver, F. L., Frei, D. F., Fanale, C., Tampieri, D., … ESCAPE Trial Investigators (2018). Time for a Time Window Extension: Insights from Late Presenters in the ESCAPE Trial. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, 39(1), 102–106. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5462
Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology
Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging