Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: diagnosis by gradient-refocused MR imaging.
Six known or suspected pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in four patients were evaluated with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging at 1.5 T. All lesions were imaged using a gradient-refocused echo pulse sequence with a 25/13 ms [repetition (TR)/echo (TE) times] and a 30 degrees flip angle, as well as with a cardiac-gated spin echo short TR/TE pulse sequence technique. Five of the lesions were vascular in nature based on their signal intensity characteristics, and one nonvascular lesion was a carcinoid tumor. On the spin echo images, the AVMs showed a central signal intensity void with a peripheral rim of intermediate signal intensity that was detectable for lesions greater than or equal to 1.5 cm in size. Smaller lesions were more difficult to distinguish from the surrounding air-filled lung, which normally generates no appreciable signal on MR images. The AVMs demonstrated uniform high signal intensity on the gradient echo pulse sequence and were more conspicuous, irrespective of size. With a single breath-hold scan, the vascular nature of the lesion could be rapidly confirmed with an acquisition time of 13 s. In three patients, the cine MR gradient echo images showed a pulsatile quality to the signal intensity in the lesion over the cardiac cycle similar to that within adjacent pulmonary vessels. The results of this study show a potential role for gradient echo MR imaging as a rapid, noninvasive method to evaluate the vascular nature of an atypical pulmonary nodule.
Published In/Presented At
Dinsmore, B. J., Gefter, W. B., Hatabu, H., & Kressel, H. Y. (1990). Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: diagnosis by gradient-refocused MR imaging. Journal of computer assisted tomography, 14(6), 918–923.
Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology
Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging