Bronchial diseases and lung aeration in children.
Bronchial diseases are common in children, and are usually associated with disturbances of aeration. This article briefly summarizes the embryological development and respiratory physiology pertinent to pediatric bronchial diseases. Current diagnostic imaging tools are discussed, with an emphasis on CT, which can demonstrate bronchial pathology such as bronchial obstruction and bronchiectasis in larger bronchi, as well as indirectly show the peripheral physiologic consequences of bronchial disease, such as alterations in aeration. Computed tomography measurements of lung attenuation may aid in diagnosis in problematic cases. Diseases that affect the pediatric airways at different ages are reviewed. Knowledge of these entities is important for accurate interpretation of imaging studies.
Published In/Presented At
Kothari, N. A., & Kramer, S. S. (2001). Bronchial diseases and lung aeration in children. Journal of thoracic imaging, 16(4), 207–223. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005382-200110000-00003
Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology
Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging