Effect of Obesity on Surgical Outcomes of Lumbar Microdiscectomy: A Retrospective Analysis of 525 Patients.
INTRODUCTION: Obesity has been implicated in higher rates of intra-operative complications, as well as increased risk for recurrent herniation and re-operation following lumbar microdiscectomy (LMD). However, the current literature is still controversial about whether obesity adversely affects surgical outcomes, especially a higher re-operation rate. In this study, we have compared surgical outcomes such as recurrence of symptoms, recurrence of disc herniation, and re-operation rates in obese and non-obese patients undergoing one segment LMD.
METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients undergoing single-level LMD between 2010-2020 at an academic institution. Exclusion criteria included prior lumbar surgery. Outcomes assessed included the presence of persistent radicular pain, imaging evidence of recurrent herniation, and the need for re-operation due to recurrent herniation.
RESULTS: A total of 525 patients were included in the study. The mean±SD body mass index (BMI) was 31.2±6.6 (range 16.2-70.0). The mean follow-up was 273.8±445.2 days (range 14-2494). Reherniation occurred in 84 patients (16.0%), and 69 (13.1%) underwent re-operation due to persistent recurrent symptoms. Neither reherniation nor re-operation was significantly associated with BMI (p = 0.47 and 0.95, respectively). Probit analysis did not show any significant association between BMI and the need for re-operation following LMD.
CONCLUSION: Obese and non-obese patients experienced similar surgical outcomes. Our results showed that BMI did not adversely affect reherniation or re-operation rate following LMD. If clinically indicated, LMD can be performed in obese patients with disc herniation without a significantly higher re-operation rate.
Published In/Presented At
Rommelman, M., Safdar, A., & Motiei-Langroudi, R. (2023). Effect of Obesity on Surgical Outcomes of Lumbar Microdiscectomy: A Retrospective Analysis of 525 Patients. Cureus, 15(5), e39719. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.39719
Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology
Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging