A comparison of CFPD, compartment, and uniform distribution models for radiation dosimetry of radionuclides in the lung.

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Radioactive aerosols that arise from natural sources and nuclear accidents can be a long-term hazard to human health. Despite the heterogeneous particle deposition in the respiratory tract, uniform aerosol doses have long been assumed in respiratory radiation dosimetry predictions, such as in the compartment and uniform distribution models. It is unclear how these deposition patterns affect internal radiation doses, which are critical in the health assessment of radioactive hazards. This work seeks to quantify the radio-dosimetry sensitivity to initial deposition patterns by comparing computational and compartment/uniform models. A new approach was developed to implement the compartment model into voxel phantoms (e.g. VIP-man) for radiation dosimetry. The calculated radiation fluence, energy deposition density and organ doses were compared to those obtained from coupling computational fluid-particle dynamics (CFPD) with Monte Carlo radiation transport and to those obtained from uniform source distribution approximation. The results show that the source particle distribution within the respiratory system substantially influences the radiation dosimetry distribution. The compartment and uniform models underestimated aerosol deposition in the crania ridge, leading to lower doses in the trachea and surrounding organs. For 0.5 MeV gammas, the CFPD-Monte Carlo N-particle (MCNP) model predicted a tracheal dose twice that of the compartment model and four times the uniform model. For 1 MeV betas, the CFPD-MCNP-predicted tracheal dose is 2.6 times that of the compartment model and 14 times the uniform model. Compared to the compartment/uniform models, the CFPD approach predicted a 50% lower beta dose in the lung but higher beta doses in the heart (six times), liver (four times) and stomach (2.5 times). It is suggested that including compartments for the lung periphery and tracheal carina ridge may improve the dosimetry accuracy of compartment models.








Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology




Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging

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