Hyperglycemia increases endothelial superoxide that impairs smooth muscle cell Na+-K+-ATPase activity.
Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the control of numerous vascular functions including basal Na+-K+-ATPase activity in arterial tissue. Hyperglycemia inhibits Na+-K+-ATPase activity in rabbit aorta, in part, through diminished bioactivity of NO. The precise mechanism(s) for such observations, however, are not yet clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of superoxide in modulating NO-mediated control of Na+-K+-ATPase in response to hyperglycemia. Rabbit aorta incubated with hyperglycemic glucose concentrations (44 mM) demonstrated a 50% reduction in Na+-K+-ATPase activity that was abrogated by superoxide dismutase. Hyperglycemia also produced a 50% increase in steady-state vascular superoxide measured by lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence that was closely associated with reduced Na+-K+-ATPase activity. Specifically, the hyperglycemia-induced increase in vascular superoxide was endothelium dependent, inhibited by L-arginine, and stimulated by N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine. Aldose reductase inhibition with zopolrestat also inhibited the hyperglycemia-induced increase in vascular superoxide. In each manipulation of vascular superoxide, a reciprocal change in Na+-K+-ATPase activity was observed. Finally, a commercially available preparation of Na+-K+-ATPase was inhibited by pyrogallol, a superoxide generator. These data suggest that hyperglycemia induces an increase in endothelial superoxide that inhibits the stimulatory effect of NO on vascular Na+-K+-ATPase activity.
Published In/Presented At
Gupta, S., Chough, E., Daley, J., Oates, P., Tornheim, K., Ruderman, N. B., & Keaney, J. F., Jr (2002). Hyperglycemia increases endothelial superoxide that impairs smooth muscle cell Na+-K+-ATPase activity. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 282(3), C560–C566. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpcell.00343.2001
Diagnosis | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Radiology
Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Medical Imaging