Methenamine hippurate compared with trimethoprim for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections: a randomized clinical trial

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International urogynecology journal




Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Fellows and Residents


Antimicrobial stewardship, Bacteriuria, Urinary tract infection, Women’s health


INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to find an alternative treatment to a low-dose antibiotic for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) and to evaluate the difference in rates of reinfection within 1 year when treated with methenamine hippurate for prophylaxis compared with trimethoprim. METHODS: We present a non-blinded randomized trial comparing methenamine hippurate with trimethoprim for the prevention of recurrent UTI at 12 months after starting treatment. Women over 18 who had at least two culture-positive UTI in the prior 6 months or three in the prior year were included. Ninety-two patients met enrollment criteria and were randomized to receive daily prophylaxis with methenamine hippurate or trimethoprim for a minimum of 6 months. Both intent-to-treat and per-protocol analyses if patients received the alternative drug after randomization were analyzed using Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank test, and a logistic and multivariate regression model. The primary outcome of this study was culture-proven UTI recurrence by 12 months after initiating prophylaxis. RESULTS: In the intent-to-treat analysis, we found no difference between groups in recurrent UTI, with a 65% (28 out of 43) recurrence in the trimethoprim group versus 65% (28 out of 43) in the methenamine hippurate group (p = 1.00). In the per-protocol analysis, 65% (26 out of 40) versus 65% (30 out of 46) of patients had UTI recurrences in the trimethoprim group versus the methenamine hippurate group (p = 0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Methenamine hippurate may be an alternative for the prevention of recurrent UTI, with similar rates of recurrence and adverse effects to trimethoprim.



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