A scoring system for the electrostatic complementarities of T-cell receptors and cancer-mutant amino acids: multi-cancer analyses of associated survival rates.
The anti-tumor immune response is considered to be due to the T-cell receptor (TCR) binding to tumor antigens, which can be either wild-type, early stem cell proteins, presumably foreign to a developed immune system; or mutant peptides, foreign to the immune system because of a mutant amino acid (aa) or otherwise somatically altered aa sequence. Recently, very large numbers of TCR complementarity-determining region-3 (CDR3) aa sequences obtained from tumor specimens have become available. We developed a novel algorithm for assessing the complementarity of tumor mutant peptides and TCR CDR3s, based on the retrieval of TCR CDR3 aa sequences from both tumor specimen and patient blood exomes and by using an automated process of assessing CDR3 and mutant aa electrical charges. Results indicated many instances where high electrostatic complementarity was associated with a higher survival rate. In particular, our approach led to the identification of specific genes contributing significantly to the complementary, TCR CDR3-mutant aa. These results suggest a novel approach to tumor immunoscoring and may lead to the identification of high-priority neo-antigen, peptide vaccines; or to the identification of ex vivo stimulants of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.
Published In/Presented At
Chobrutskiy, B. I., Yeagley, M., Diviney, A., Zaman, S., Gozlan, E. C., Tipping, P., Koohestani, D. M., Roca, A. M., & Blanck, G. (2020). A scoring system for the electrostatic complementarities of T-cell receptors and cancer-mutant amino acids: multi-cancer analyses of associated survival rates. Immunology, 159(4), 373–383. https://doi.org/10.1111/imm.13165
Medical Education | Medicine and Health Sciences
USF-LVHN SELECT Program, USF-LVHN SELECT Program Students