IGL CDR3 Hydropathy and Antigen Chemical Complementarity Associated with Greater Disease-Free Survival in Lung Adenocarcinoma: Implications for Gender Disparities.
With lung cancer remaining a challenging disease, new approaches to biomarker discovery and therapy development are needed. Recent immunogenomics, adaptive immune receptor approaches have indicated that it is very likely that B cells play an important role in mediating better overall outcomes. As such, we assessed physicochemical features of lung adenocarcinoma resident IGL complementarity determining region-3 (CDR3) amino acid (AA) sequences and determined that hydrophobic CDR3 AA sequences were associated with a better disease-free survival (DFS) probability. Further, using a recently developed chemical complementarity scoring algorithm particularly suitable for the evaluation of large patient datasets, we determined that IGL CDR3 chemical complementarity with certain cancer testis antigens was associated with better DFS. Chemical complementarity scores for IGL CDR3-MAGEC1 represented a gender bias, with an overrepresentation of males among the higher IGL-CDR3-CTA complementarity scores that were in turn associated with better DFS (logrank p < 0.065). Overall, this study pointed towards potential biomarkers for prognoses that, in some cases are likely gender-specific; and towards biomarkers for guiding therapy, e.g., IGL-based opportunities for antigen targeting in the lung cancer setting.
Published In/Presented At
Charkowick, S. V., Huda, T. I., Patel, D. N., Yeagley, M., Arturo, J. F., Cios, K. J., Gozlan, E. C., Chobrutskiy, A., Chobrutskiy, B. I., & Blanck, G. (2023). IGL CDR3 Hydropathy and Antigen Chemical Complementarity Associated with Greater Disease-Free Survival in Lung Adenocarcinoma: Implications for Gender Disparities. Biochemical genetics, 10.1007/s10528-023-10437-2. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10528-023-10437-2
Medical Education | Medicine and Health Sciences
USF-LVHN SELECT Program, USF-LVHN SELECT Program Students