A Case Report of a Patient With Prostate Adenocarcinoma Metastatic to the Posterior Peritoneum Despite the Negative Preoperative Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) Scan.
Despite the role of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening and the multitude of therapies available, prostate cancer (PCa) remains a leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality. For many patients diagnosed with PCa, clinical and radiographic staging are critical components for management decisions. PCa staging with the use of imaging modalities such as MRI and bone scintigraphy is recommended in patients with newly diagnosed intermediate or high-risk PCa and in patients with biochemical recurrence; it is also recommended for monitoring the patient's response to treatment for diagnosed PCa. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), recently approved in 2021, is an imaging modality that has been shown to have a greater sensitivity, specificity, and negative likelihood ratio than conventional imaging modalities such as CT, bone scintigraphy, and MRI in prostate cancer staging. Despite the improvement in staging that PSMA-PET/CT can provide, our current report details a false-negative result in detecting a rare PCa metastasis to the peritoneum, which was found at the time of an attempted radical prostatectomy. Although the patient had a negative preoperative PSMA-PET/CT and was presumed to be non-metastatic, the prostatectomy was aborted because the patient was unexpectedly found to have peritoneal metastasis.
Published In/Presented At
Shoeleh, C., Graff, J., & Patel, T. (2023). A Case Report of a Patient With Prostate Adenocarcinoma Metastatic to the Posterior Peritoneum Despite the Negative Preoperative Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) Scan. Cureus, 15(6), e39948. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.39948
Medical Education | Medicine and Health Sciences
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