Muscle volume is related to trabecular and cortical bone architecture in typically developing children.
INTRODUCTION: Muscle is strongly related to cortical bone architecture in children; however, the relationship between muscle volume and trabecular bone architecture is poorly studied. The aim of this study was to determine if muscle volume is related to trabecular bone architecture in children and if the relationship is different than the relationship between muscle volume and cortical bone architecture.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty typically developing children (20 boys and 20 girls; 6 to 12y) were included in the study. Measures of trabecular bone architecture [i.e., apparent trabecular bone volume to total volume (appBV/TV), trabecular number (appTb.N), trabecular thickness (appTb.Th) and trabecular separation (appTb.Sp)] in the distal femur, cortical bone architecture [cortical volume, total volume, section modulus (Z) and polar moment of inertia (J)] in the midfemur, muscle volume in the midthigh and femur length were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. Total physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were assessed using an accelerometer-based activity monitor worn around the waist for four days. Calcium intake was assessed using diet records. Relationships among the measures were tested using multiple linear regression analysis.
RESULTS: Muscle volume was moderately-to-strongly related to measures of trabecular bone architecture [appBV/TV (r=0.81), appTb.N (r=0.53), appTb.Th (r=0.67), appTb.Sp (r=-0.71); all p0.05). Because muscle volume and femur length were strongly related (r=0.91, p
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that muscle volume in the midthigh is related to trabecular bone architecture in the distal femur of typically developing children. The relationship is weaker than the relationship between muscle volume in the midthigh and cortical bone architecture in the midfemur, but the discrepancy is driven, in large part, by the greater dependence of cortical bone architecture measures on femur length.
Published In/Presented At
Bajaj, D., Allerton, B. M., Kirby, J. T., Miller, F., Rowe, D. A., Pohlig, R. T., & Modlesky, C. M. (2015). Muscle volume is related to trabecular and cortical bone architecture in typically developing children. Bone, 81, 217–227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2015.07.014
Medicine and Health Sciences
Sports Medicine Division