Intramyocardial Injection of Hypoxia-Conditioned Extracellular Vesicles Modulates Response to Oxidative Stress in the Chronically Ischemic Myocardium.

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INTRODUCTION: Patients with advanced coronary artery disease (CAD) who are not eligible for stenting or surgical bypass procedures have limited treatment options. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of advanced CAD. These EVs can be conditioned to modify their contents. In our previous research, we demonstrated increased perfusion, decreased inflammation, and reduced apoptosis with intramyocardial injection of hypoxia-conditioned EVs (HEVs). The goal of this study is to further understand the function of HEVs by examining their impact on oxidative stress using our clinically relevant and extensively validated swine model of chronic myocardial ischemia.

METHODS: Fourteen Yorkshire swine underwent a left thoracotomy for the placement of an ameroid constrictor on the left circumflex coronary artery to model chronic myocardial ischemia. After two weeks of recovery, the swine underwent a redo thoracotomy with injection of either HEVs (n = 7) or a saline control (CON, n = 7) into the ischemic myocardium. Five weeks after injection, the swine were subjected to terminal harvest. Protein expression was measured using immunoblotting. OxyBlot analysis and 3-nitrotyrosine staining were used to quantify total oxidative stress.

RESULTS: There was a significant increase in myocardial expression of the antioxidants SOD 2, GPX-1, HSF-1, UCP-2, catalase, and HO-1 (all

CONCLUSIONS: Administration of HEVs in ischemic myocardium induces a significant increase in pro- and antioxidant proteins without a net change in total oxidative stress. These findings suggest that HEV-induced changes in redox signaling pathways may play a role in increased perfusion, decreased inflammation, and reduced apoptosis in ischemic myocardium. Further studies are required to determine if HEVs alter the net oxidative stress in ischemic myocardium at an earlier time point of HEV administration.








Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents

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