Preliminary Report of a Hybrid Total Ankle Arthroplasty Combining a Stemmed Intramedullary Tibial Component With Chamfer-Cut Talar Dome.

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Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is a viable treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis. In our experience, a stemmed intramedullary tibial component combined with a chamfer-cut talar component provides the most stable construct for TAA. We present our technique for placement of this hybrid prosthesis utilizing the INBONE tibial component in combination with the INFINITY talar component. This technique differs from the standard protocol by minimizing use of both patient-specific and standard intraoperative guides. The primary aim of this study is to report our preliminary outcomes with our novel technique. Secondarily, we aim to demonstrate that placement of this hybrid prosthesis is radiographically reproducible and accurate. The first 10 patients undergoing this technique with at least 1 year of follow-up were retrospectively reviewed. Average visual analog pain scale decreased from 7.4 preoperatively to 0.5 at 1 year postoperatively. The average time to weightbearing was 6.4 weeks. Complications were minimal, and no implant-related complications were encountered. First weightbearing ankle radiographs postoperatively were evaluated by 3 reviewers to determine accuracy of the tibial intramedullary stem in relation to the anatomical axis of the tibia. We found that the deviation of the tibial implant from the anatomic axis was on average 0.9°± 0.5° in the coronal plane, and 2.2°± 2.7° in the sagittal plane. Inter-rater reliability was 83%. We conclude that this hybrid technique utilizing a stemmed intramedullary tibial component in combination with a chamfer-cut talar component for TAA is reproducible, accurate, and safe.




Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Surgery, Fellows and Residents

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