OBJECTIVE: BTO is the procedure performed to assess the collateral circulation within the Willis circle in a giant ICA aneurysm. An ICA occlusion after BTO is very rare. We present a case of an internal carotid artery occlusion as a complication of BTO that required urgent revascularization surgery.
CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old female with a history of transient ischemic attacks for one year was diagnosed with multiple aneurysms: a giant aneurysm of the left supra-clinoid ICA, two small ones on left MCA and right ophthalmic. A BTO was performed to assess collateral supply and determine whether bypass surgery should be necessary. During the procedure, the balloon was detached while insufflating, and the patient had a subsequent neurological decline consistent with an MCA syndrome. EC-IC bypass surgery was performed with an end-to-side anastomosis of STA-MCA by trapping the giant aneurysm and clipping the ipsilateral MCA aneurysm. The patient had a reversal of neurological symptoms and made an uneventful recovery.
DISCUSSION: We discuss the epidemiology of giant ICA aneurysms, the indications for BTO, and its complication. Emergency intracranial and extracranial bypass surgery in case of acute ICA injury is also discussed. We also highlighted the attributable factors to treatment strategies under restrictive conditions in Vietnam.
CONCLUSIONS: ICA occlusion due to insufflated balloon detachment is an unreported complication in literature. Emergency bypass surgery is a potential treatment choice for this unusual iatrogenic complication.
Published In/Presented At
Ngo HM, Trinh HT, Felbaum R, Jean W. Emergency extra-intracranial bypass surgery in a patient with neurologic deficit after an accident in carotid occlusive test: A case report. Int J Surg Case Rep. 2022 Apr 12;94:107071. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2022.107071. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35452942.
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery