Remote and interdisciplinary research in surgical knowledge production.
BACKGROUND: Surgical knowledge production has changed dramatically in the last 30 y, moving away from investigations by individual surgeon researchers and toward remote and interdisciplinary research. We investigated how surgeons make decisions about engaging in research and identify motivators, facilitators, and barriers to conducting research in an increasingly challenging environment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a qualitative analysis of semistructured interviews with surgeons from academic medical centers across the United States. We asked participants to describe their experiences and opinions regarding remote and interdisciplinary collaborations.
RESULTS: Of 64 surgeon researchers invited, 21 (33%) agreed and participated in semistructured interviews. Each interview lasted an average (standard deviation) of 29 min (12). Surgeons were motivated by both internal and external factors, including some that might be identified as barriers. The internal desire to improve care and the need for collaboration to address increasingly complex questions requiring larger samples sizes emerged as most significant to interview participants. Social networks were identified as the dominant facilitator of multisite research, with technology playing a supporting role. Barriers to remote and interdisciplinary research ranged from individual, "micro" level barriers, through structural barriers that include institutional level challenges and competing priorities, to macrolevel system and policy-level barriers.
CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons clearly recognize the importance of high-quality research aligned with current paradigms of clinical care and are using remote and interdisciplinary collaboration to improve the quality of the science they produce and align their work with the demand for increasingly high levels of evidence.
Published In/Presented At
Goldsack, J. C., Michalec, B., Cipolle, M., & Sonnad, S. S. (2016). Remote and interdisciplinary research in surgical knowledge production. The Journal of surgical research, 202(1), 139–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2015.12.047
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery