Management of bleeding and reversal strategies for oral anticoagulants: clinical practice considerations.
PURPOSE: Currently available clinical data and optimal strategies for reversing oral anticoagulants in patients who are bleeding or need an urgent invasive procedure or operation are reviewed.
SUMMARY: Bleeding from oral anticoagulants, including new target-specific oral agents (TSOAs), is a common cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly patients. Limited clinical data are available to guide the reversal of warfarin or TSOAs in patients who are bleeding or need an urgent invasive procedure or operation. A panel of five experts with diverse backgrounds in anticoagulation therapy, cardiology, critical care, and emergency medicine and with experience in managing complications of anticoagulation therapy was convened to develop practical strategies for managing patients receiving oral anticoagulants who are bleeding or have an urgent need for an invasive procedure. The strategies were designed to guide clinicians in the acute care setting by providing efficient and potentially effective management concepts to avoid delays in initiating treatment that could adversely affect patient outcomes. The consensus of this expert panel is summarized herein. Recommendations are based on currently available evidence from a comprehensive review of the literature and other pertinent data, along with the experience and expert opinion of the panelists.
CONCLUSION: Bleeding is a serious complication of the use of oral anticoagulants, and limited information is available to guide the reversal of warfarin or TSOAs in patients who are bleeding or are in need of an urgent invasive procedure. Use of a systematic approach to assessing and treating these patients based on available evidence and expert opinion can help avoid delays that could adversely affect patient outcomes.
Published In/Presented At
Nutescu, E. A., Dager, W. E., Kalus, J. S., Lewin, J. J., 3rd, & Cipolle, M. D. (2013). Management of bleeding and reversal strategies for oral anticoagulants: clinical practice considerations. American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 70(21), 1914–1929. https://doi.org/10.2146/ajhp130243
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery