A Pediatric Patient With an Orbital Respiratory Epithelial Cyst.
Respiratory epithelial cysts are rare orbital cysts that can arise secondary to choristomatous rests of respiratory epithelium. Approximately 15 congenital cases have been described in the literature, making it a rare disease entity. We present a case of a 14-month-old Middle Eastern male with a right infraorbital respiratory epithelial cyst. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and orbits revealed a right infraorbital cyst hyperintense on T1-weighted images and followed fluid density on T2-weighted images. This cyst was noted to displace the globe superiorly and inferior rectus muscle laterally. This cyst was excised using a transconjunctival approach. Histologically, the cyst wall was lined by ciliated columnar cells with interspersed mucus-containing cells and ciliated transitional epithelium was present, establishing the diagnosis of respiratory epithelial cyst. To our knowledge, this is the youngest patient with a respiratory epithelial cyst of the orbit reported in the literature.
Published In/Presented At
Cohn, J. E., Bahrami, A., Monteleone, C., Pascasio, J. M., & Davis, W. J., 3rd (2017). A Pediatric Patient With an Orbital Respiratory Epithelial Cyst. The Journal of craniofacial surgery, 28(8), 2098–2100. https://doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004169
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Pediatrics, Department of Surgery