Cartilage Restoration of Bipolar Lesions Within the Patellofemoral Joint Delays Need for Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review of Rates of Failure.
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present review is to systematically review the available literature for failure rates and complications of cartilage restoration of bipolar chondral defects in the patellofemoral (PF) joint to assess the ability to treat these lesions without arthroplasty.
METHODS: PubMed and MEDLINE databases were queried between 2000 to 2020 using the keywords "osteochondral" and "knee" and "microfracture," "autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI)," or "transplantation." Patient selection included patients with bipolar chondral lesions of the patellofemoral joint that were treated with cartilage restoration procedures. Treatment of PF joints were reviewed for surgical indications/technique, rates of failure, defect characteristics, and time to failure. For the purposes of this study, failure was defined by each individual author on their respective studies.
RESULTS: After screening 1,295 articles, there were 8 publications analyzed quantitatively and 10 articles analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. A total of 249 knees involved bipolar lesions of the patellofemoral joint. The weighted average age was 36.5 ± 10.4 years, and weighted average follow-up was 89.0 ± 31.7 months. There were failures in 0% to 50% of cases, revision procedures in 0% to 10% of cases, conversion to arthroplasty in in 0% to 50% of cases, and unsatisfactory outcome without revision in 0% to 8.3% of cases. The range in average failure rate was 0% to 50.0% (I
CONCLUSION: From the available data, established cartilage restoration procedures may provide favorable patient-reported function, avoidance of secondary surgery, and joint preservation in at least 80% of patients at short- to mid-term follow-up.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, systematic review of Level IV studies.
Published In/Presented At
Gowd, A. K., Weimer, A. E., Rider, D. E., Beck, E. C., Agarwalla, A., O'Brien, L. K., Alaia, M. J., Ferguson, C. M., & Waterman, B. R. (2021). Cartilage Restoration of Bipolar Lesions Within the Patellofemoral Joint Delays Need for Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review of Rates of Failure. Arthroscopy, sports medicine, and rehabilitation, 3(4), e1189–e1197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asmr.2021.02.001
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery