The effects of noise vocoding on gap detection thresholds.
Gap detection threshold (GDT), the shortest silent interval a person can perceive, is a commonly used measure of temporal processing resolution. The purposes of this study were: (1) to examine the effects of noise vocoding, which has been used to simulate what signals sound like through a cochlear implant, on GDTs in normal-hearing subjects, and (2) to further the understanding of neural mechanisms underlying gap detection using the Auditory Late Response (ALR). Thirteen normal listeners participated. In behavioral tests, the GDTs were determined for the original and vocoded stimuli. In ALR recordings, the subjects were presented with auditory stimuli with and without containing gaps and stimuli with and without being vocoded. Results showed that GDTs were significantly elevated for vocoded stimuli with spectral resolutions of 4 and 20 channels compared to those for the original stimuli. A gap effect was observed in the post-gap ALR. Current densities for N1 peaks evoked by stimuli with zero- vs. non-zero ms gaps, pre- vs. post-gap markers, and original vs. vocoded stimuli were obtained using the standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA) method. Paired comparisons of pre- and post-gap current density values were made. Results showed a statistical difference between the N1s evoked by pre- vs. post-gap markers, with the activation in the middle frontal gyrus and precentral gyrus. The results suggest that: (1) noise vocoding does affect temporal processing resolution assessed with GDTs, (2) gap detection may involve the recruitment of cognitive neural resources, and (3) the ALR has a potential value of objectively estimating temporal processing resolution.
Published In/Presented At
Zhang, F., Blankenship, C., Xiang, J., Houston, L., & Samy, R. (2015). The effects of noise vocoding on gap detection thresholds. Cochlear implants international, 16(6), 331–340. https://doi.org/10.1179/1754762815Y.0000000009
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology