Urea removal during continuous hemodiafiltration.
OBJECTIVE: To compare urea nitrogen removal by continuous hemodiafiltration vs. functional native kidneys in critically ill, septic patients receiving > 2 g of amino acids/kg body weight per day.
DESIGN: Prospective, comparative, unblinded study.
SETTING: Trauma critical care units of a Level I adult trauma hospital.
PATIENTS: Fifteen septic patients with multiple organ failure including renal failure who were receiving continuous hemodiafiltration; 11 septic patients with multiple organ failure without renal failure (control group). Ages of patients ranged from 18 to 60 yrs.
INTERVENTIONS: Collection of effluent (dialysate + ultrafiltrate) from hemodiafilters. Collection of urine from control patients.
MEASUREMENTS: Urea nitrogen and creatinine concentrations in blood, urine, and the hemodiafiltration effluent, measured every 24 hrs for 6 days. Effluent and urine volumes were measured.
MAIN RESULTS: Hemodiafilters were operational for 21.8 +/- 3.0 hrs/day. Mean urea nitrogen removal in the renal failure group was 28 +/- 10 g/day. Blood urea nitrogen was stable over the 6-day study period. In control subjects, urea nitrogen removal was 27 +/- 9 g/day, which was not significantly different from the continuous hemodiafiltration group. Blood urea nitrogen concentrations in control patients increased over the 6-day study period (p < .05). Urea nitrogen removal correlated moderately well with amino acid intake in the control group (r2 = .30), but not in the continuous hemodiafiltration group (r2 = .0004). In patients receiving continuous hemodiafiltration, effluent volume was most significantly correlated with urea nitrogen removal (r2 = .69).
CONCLUSIONS: The technique of continuous hemodiafiltration can remove substantial amounts of urea nitrogen, similar to that of normal native kidneys. In addition, at amino acid intake rates of > 2 g/kg body weight/day, urea nitrogen removal during continuous hemodiafiltration remains a function of effluent volume, so there is no need to restrict amino acid intake in acute renal failure patients supported with continuous hemodiafiltration.
Published In/Presented At
Frankenfield, D. C., Reynolds, H. N., Wiles, C. E., 3rd, Badellino, M. M., & Siegel, J. H. (1994). Urea removal during continuous hemodiafiltration. Critical care medicine, 22(3), 407–412. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003246-199403000-00009
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery